[IAPR] [TC10] [TC11] [CVC] [UAB
Keynote 2: Ontology-Based Document Understanding on the Semantic Desktop
Speaker: Andreas Dengel
German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI). Kaiserslautern, Germany

Abstract: A document is the principal mode of preserving and transporting knowledge through time and space. Documents are both sources of information as well as a means for communication. The information they contain can be for example the basis for satisfying potential customers, for defining a common understanding, for assessing facts and interrelationships, for establishing valuable contacts, for planning new products or education in an as yet unknown area. The decreasing half-life-period of knowledge along with the constant growth of highly diverse and specialized information in almost any field ask for intelligent individualized human centered technologies assisting the “knowledge worker” in order to keep track of and cope with documents and information, and to efficiently manage vital business processes.

As one promising approach, I like to present the paradigm of the Semantic Desktop as a means for document understanding and for managing all personal information across application borders using Semantic Web standards. A Semantic Desktop acts as an extended personal memory assisting users to file, relate, share, and access all digital information like documents, multimedia, and messages through a Personal Information Model (PIMO). This PIMO is build on ontological knowledge generated through user observations and interactions with documents and may be seen as a formal and semiformal complement of the user's mental models. In this talk I will motivate the need for such tools, describe the basic idea and mechanisms for a sociotechnical document analysis, and show how a semantic Desktop may act as a personal information butler in order to provide proactive and adaptive information support.


Biography: Andreas Dengel is a member of the Management Board as well as Scientific Director at the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) in Kaiserslautern where he is leading the Knowledge Management research department. In 1993 he was appointed Professor at the Computer Science Department of the University of Kaiserslautern where he holds the chair “Knowledge-Based Systems”.

From 1980 to 1986 Andreas studied Computer Science and Economics at the University of Kaiserslautern. He subsequently worked at the Siemens research lab in Munich and at the University of Stuttgart where he completed his doctoral thesis in 1989. In 1991 he worked as a guest researcher at Xerox Parc in Palo Alto. Andreas is a member of the IT-Summit Working Group on “service and consumer-oriented information technology” of the German government and acts as an expert for the German Council of Science and Humanities.

In 2008 he co-founded the Institute on Document Analysis and Knowledge Science (IDAKS) at the Osaka Prefecture University in Japan. Andreas is a advisory board member of ICDAR, of the Center of Excellence on Semantic Technologies at MIMOS in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, of the NEC Computers and Communication Innovation Research Labs (CCIL), and others. Formerly, he was the German representative in the IST Prize Executive Jury of the European Council of Applied Science (Euro-CASE) a lecturer of the Joint Executive MBA course at the Johannes Gutenberg University at Mainz, the University of Texas at Austin, and the Dongbei University of Finance and Economics at Dalian, China. From 1997 to 2001 Andreas was a member of the METTREC Planning Committee ((Metadata/Text Retrieval Conference Committee) of the National Institutitute for Standards and Technology (NIST) in the United States.

Andreas was program/technical chair of ICPR, ICDAR, DAS, and conferences in other AII areas. Moreover, he is founder or initiator of several successful start-up companies. In 2005 he received a “Pioneer Spirit Award” for one of his start-up concepts. He is co-editor of various international computer science journals, has written or edited 8 books, and is author of more than 150 peer-reviewed scientific publications. He supervised more than 120 PhD and master theses.

In 2004, Andreas has been elected a Fellow of the International Association for Pattern Recognition (IAPR) and has been honored for his work several times. Most prominent prizes are the ICDAR “Young Investigator Award”, the Nakano Award, the Technical Communication Award of the Alcatel SEL Foundation, the Multi-Media Award of the State Rheinland-Pfalz as well as a Document Analysis Systems Achievement Award. His main scientific emphasis is in the areas of Document Understanding, Knowledge Management, and Artificial Intelligence.